An anal fistula is a disorder of the lower rectum or anus marked by an abnormal connection between two internal organs. Faecal matter collects between the rectum and the skin around the anus. This disorder can be painful in nature, but the exact cause of this problem is not known.

The symptoms of an anal fistula are

  • Pain around the anus (the ring of muscle at the end of the rectum)
  • Pain or discomfort when passing stools
  • Irritation, itching, or soreness around the anus
  • Swelling around the anus
  • Discharge of pus or blood from near the anus
  • A high temperature (fever), chills, and feeling sick

Causes of Fistula

An anal fistula has several causes, including:

  • Infection in the glandular tissue around the anus (perianal abscess)
  • Anorectal abscesses are common, especially in people with Crohn’s disease. These abscesses often lead to the formation of a fistula. But not all perianal abscesses progress to anal fistulas.
  • Inflammatory bowel disease/Crohn’s disease — increases your risk of developing an anal fistula.

Symptoms of anal fistula that can get better with home remedies

Anal fistulas create unpleasant symptoms such as discomfort and skin irritation. These symptoms do not usually get better on their own. Some of the several symptoms of anal fistula can find relief with specific home remedies. Such symptoms include:

  • Pain with swelling around the anal area.
  • Redness, soreness, or constant itching of the skin around the anal opening.
  • Throbbing pain, especially while sitting down, moving around, passing motion, or coughing.
  • Experiencing fever and chills.
  • Tiredness and feeling sick.
  • Leaking of smelly discharge near the anus.
  • Passing of blood or pus in stools.
  • Difficulty in controlling bowel movements.

Natural remedies to ease symptoms of anal fistula

  1. Healthy eating habits can help prevent some of Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis complications. A healthy diet includes:
    1. A variety of vegetables, fruits, whole grains, and beans
    2. Not too much sugar or saturated fat
    3. Getting enough fiber (25 to 30 grams per day) may help prevent flare-ups. You can get more fiber by eating more fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. But overeating fiber at one time may make diarrhoea worse.
  2. Drinking plenty of fluids to prevent dehydration
  3. Being physically active. Your doctor can tell you what level of activity is best for you. Talk to your doctor if you’re not feeling well enough to exercise.
  4. Healthy bowel habits – Habits to follow include:

¬ Anal area has to be washed well after each bowel movement or going to the toilet.

¬ Hands have to be kept clean as they get the most exposure to germs.

¬ Underclothing needs to be changed as and when the fistula may leak.

¬ Use anal pads if necessary

¬ Do not delay or resist the urge to pass motions.

¬ Staying seated for long on the toilet can increase abdominal pressure and worsen the fistula.

  1. Sitz Bath

A sitz bath is a warm, shallow bath that cleanses the perineum, which is the space between the rectum and scrotum or vulva. You can use it to relieve itching, irritation, and spasms of the buttocks that can accompany hemorrhoids or an anal fistula. If you don’t have a sitz bath, you can make one by filling your tub with 3 to 4 inches (about 7–10 centimeters) of warm water.

  1. Stool Softener

Stool softeners are a simple go-to remedy for people who struggle with chronic constipation. They can help relieve constipation by making it easier to have a bowel movement. Stool softeners are only recommended for short-term use.

Home remedies may provide symptomatic relief to a certain extent, but anal fistulas rarely heal if left untreated. Every treatment method has different benefits and risks. It is best advised to discuss the condition and seek treatment options with the gastroenterologist.

In Hyderabad, Vitality’s Laser Piles Clinic, with a team of experienced doctors, best-in-class medical equipment, and laser technology, will help you relieve you of pain from fistula. To know more call (+91) 910 850 3674 / (+91) 7799 016 016 or write to us support@laserpiles.com